The trial, dubbed "Making Money Smart", uses a case study of the National Disability Insurance Scheme and aims to enhance the experience of participants and service providers in the NDIS through the creation of "smart money" – also known as programmable money.
By attaching conditions, the "smart money" knows what it can be spent on, who it can be spent by and when it can be spent – and Smart Money is enabled by a blockchain token solution that could integrate with Australia’s New Payments Platform, and is accessed through a user friendly app.
The NDIS was selected as the first case study for the proof-of-concept as it involves highly personalised payment conditions, with participants having individualised plans that can contain multiple budget categories, each with different spending rules.
“Programmable money represents an opportunity to re-envisage how we think about money and how payments function across the economy,” Sophie Gilder, head of Experimentation and Blockchain, Innovation Lab, CBA, said.
“The potential of this technology for the NDIS is exciting, ranging from greater empowerment for participants, reduced administration costs for businesses and greater visibility for government. It’s been rewarding to collaborate with Data61 on a project that could have such a large, positive impact for the community.”
The proof of concept combines CBA’s globally-recognised Blockchain Centre of Excellence with Data61’s deep research expertise in blockchain, smart contracts and software engineering.
“This has been a really interesting research project into how blockchain technology can integrate with new payments technologies to provide more choice, control and flexibility for conditional payments for NDIS participants and service providers,” said Dr Mark Staples, senior principal researcher in the Software and Computational Systems program at CSIRO’s Data61.
“We’re particularly interested in the broader research opportunity around programmable money, because it should reduce friction in business transactions, and enable companies to create new business models and innovative ways of delivering and paying for products and services. This would benefit customers and reduces the administrative burden involved in managing payments.”
CBA says feedback has been received from leaders across the disability sector, the fintech community and government.
The project reference group includes the Digital Transformation Agency, National Disability Insurance Agency, Department of Social Services, Department of Human Services, The Treasury, Reserve Bank of Australia, Disability Advocacy Network, Ability First Australia, National Disability Services, New Payments Platform Australia, Australian Digital Commerce Association and FinTech Australia.
“Given the complexity with the subject matter, we knew we needed to collaborate with a diverse range of government and industry leaders,” Gilder said.
“We threw open the doors and the response has far exceeded our expectations. This has been a key factor to the success of the project thus far and we are very grateful for their input.”
CBA and Data61 will release a co-authored Making Money Smart report in November, which will examine the design benefits and limitations of the blockchain-based system for the NDIS use case, including user feedback and recommendations on future applications.