The website said the US Customs and Border Protection had decided to use Google Cloud technology in August and deploy it through the CBP Innovation Team which is working to devise a virtual wall that has both surveillance towers and drones. The Intercept's long and detailed investigative report is well worth a read.
In April 2018, Google came under pressure from some of its staff after it became known that it had signed up to assist a Pentagon mission known as Project Maven to provide the military with AI technology to better identify images on the battlefield.
More than 3000 employees signed a letter that was made public. In May, a dozen Google employees quit the company to protest against its involvement in Project Maven.
Google later said that it would not renew the contract to work on Maven, but gave no assurance that it would keep out of future similar projects.
Intercept reporters Sam Biddle and Lee Gang wrote that the documents they had obtained showed that Google's work with the CBP was being done through a third-party firm named Thundercat Technology.
The FOIA request was made by research group Tech Inquiry which has been set up by Jack Poulson, an ex-research scientist at Google who quit over issues of ethics.
The report said the deal also brought Google into the circle of a tech executive who was one of US President Donald Trump's biggest boosters. This man, Palmer Luckey, runs a start-up known as Anduril Industries which operates sentry towers at the US-Mexico border.
At least two other big tech firms have faced protests from their employees over working with US border control and law enforcement authorities.
In June 2018, Microsoft employees protested against the company's deal with the Immigration and Customs Enforcement in the wake of the agency's separation of migrant children from their parents at the Mexico-US border.
The same month, Amazon employees wrote to their boss, Jeff Bezos, telling him not to sell the company's Rekognition facial recognition software to law enforcement agencies and to cancel a contract for hosting data-mining company Palantir on its cloud.
Biddle and Fang wrote that they has asked Google, Anduril, CBP and Thundercat for comment but received none.
“This cannot be viewed as a neutral business relationship. Big Tech is providing core infrastructure for racist and harmful border regimes,” Meredith Whittaker, a former Google AI researcher who previously helped organise employee protests against Project Maven and went on to co-found NYU’s AI Now Institute told The Intercept.
“Without these infrastructures, Palantir and Anduril couldn’t operate as they do now, and thus neither could ICE or CBP. It’s extremely important that we track these enabling relationships, and push back against the large players enabling the rise of fascist technology, whether or not this tech is explicitly branded ‘Google'.”