Seven of the bulletins relate to Windows itself.
Active Directory problems can lead to remote code execution on Windows 2000 and allow denial of service attacks on XP and Server 2003. Server 2008 is unaffected.
Multiple vulnerabilities exist in Internet Explorer, and all but one allow remote code execution. The exception is an information disclosure vulnerability in IE6 on Windows 2000. There is at least one Critical vulnerability for each of Internet Explorer 5, 6, 7 and 8, even when running under Vista. Others are rated Important or Moderate.
According to Andrew Storms, director of security operations for nCircle, "every user should put this patch at the top of their 'install immediately' list."
The IIS issues revolve around the use of maliciously crafted anonymous HTTP requests to gain WebDAV access without authentication. The problems are regarded as Important on Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003. Vista and Server 2008 are not affected.
There's a lot more to be patched this month, so please read on.
Multiple vulnerabilities in the Windows Print Spooler allow remote code execution (Windows 2000 only) or privilege elevation (XP, Server 2003, Vista, and Server 2008).
Four vulnerabilities allow privilege escalation in all supported versions of Windows. The issue is rated Important in all cases. An attacker must be able to log on locally and not anonymously to exploit the situation.
Also rated Important and affecting all supported versions, a vulnerability in Windows' remote procedure call facility allows privilege escalation. Microsoft points out that affected versions of Windows do not ship with RPC servers or clients that are subject to exploitation of this vulnerability, but third-party applications using RPC could be affected.
The three non-operating system bulletins all concern Microsoft Office.
All three are most serious for Office 2000 (which comes out of support on July 14), where they are regarded as Critical. The rating is Important for Office XP, 2003, 2004, 2007 and 2008, though only two of the issues are relevant to the Mac versions of Microsoft's productivity suite.
A maliciously crafted Excel file can trigger remote code execution. This issue is regarded as Critical on Excel 2000, and Important on Excel 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007, and 2008.
It also affects Excel Viewer, the Compatibility Pack for 2007 file formats, and SharePoint Server 2007, where it is again regarded as a Important issue.
See page 3 for other Office-related vulnerabilities and more.
A remote code execution flaw in the Microsoft Works converters has been fixed. The affected software is Word 2000, 2002, 2003 and 2007 SP1, and Works 8.5 and 9. The Mac versions of Word, Word 2007 SP2, the Word Viewers and the Compatibility Pack for 2007 file formats are unaffected.
The problem is rated Critical for Word 2000, and Important for Word 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2008, the Word Viewers and the Compatibility Pack for 2007 file formats.
"This month only 6 out of 31 CVEs are related to listening services, a trend that deserves special attention," said Tyler Reguly, senior security engineer with nCircle.
"If you add in MS09-022 (Windows Print Spooler) for interaction with a remote service, you end up with 24 out of 31 CVEs related to local vulnerabilities. Many, including Microsoft, will consider these to be the most critical, yet most of these issues would be far less critical if every computer was operated using the principle of least privilege," he added.
Microsoft has also updated a previous bulletin and provided updates for Office for Mac 2004 and 2008 as well as Works 8.5 and 9. These updates protect against a PowerPoint remote code execution issue.
To round things off, there's a pair of advisories (a new set of ActiveX killbits and a change to DNS devolution), updated versions of the Malicious Software Removal Tool and Windows Mail Junk E-Mail Filter, and cumulative updates for Media Center TVPack for Vista and Media Center for Vista. And you may not have noticed the Root Certificate update that was released late last month.
In related news, Sun has released an updated version of Java for Windows, and Adobe has released the first of its quarterly updates for Acrobat and Reader.