The flaws have been collectively named BlueBorne by the company which detailed its research in a 42-page post.
The attacks do not need any user intervention and can be carried out as long as the attacker is within about 10 metres. They also do not need pairing to be implemented.
The researchers said they were concerned about BlueBorne because it spread through the air.
"Airborne attacks can also allow hackers to penetrate secure internal networks which are 'air gapped', meaning they are disconnected from any other network for protection. This can endanger industrial systems, government agencies, and critical infrastructure."
The researchers rated three of the flaws they found as critical as they allowed attackers to take over devices, conduct man-in-the-middle attacks or intercept communications over Bluetooth.
Windows Vista and later versions are affected by BlueBorne. Microsoft issued a patch for the vulnerabilities in July as part of its monthly security updates but did not specify that it had done so, instead specifying this only in its September security updates on Tuesday.
Linux kernels since 3.3-rc1 are affected and so are all Linux devices running the BlueZ stack.
Patches were issued for Android by Google in September.
In the case of Apple, devices with iOS 9.3.5 and lower, and AppleTV devices running version 7.2.2 and lower are vulnerable. BlueBorne was patched in iOS 10.
David Dufour, senior director of security architecture at security firm Webroot, told iTWire: “BlueBorne is another example of how simple it is for hackers to quickly scan for, and then exploit, open Bluetooth devices.
"The learning curve to scan for Bluetooth devices isn't that much greater than scanning for Wi-Fi access points."
He said for a while, Bluetooth vulnerabilities had died down as the industry responded and fixed known exploits.
"But this incident may be the tip of the iceberg once again, just as we’ve seen a resurgence in worms, hackers often come back to repurpose the same exploits. Unfortunately in these cases, many connected devices don’t allow for patch management and become easy targets," he added.