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Tuesday, 01 November 2016 09:35

Attackers use patched exploits to hit Joomla! sites Featured

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Attacks on websites running the popular Joomla! content management system are on the rise after two critical vulnerabilities were patched last week.

One flaw was patched in version 3.6.3 released on 25 October, four days after the Joomla! team was made aware of the bug, which was described thus: "Incorrect use of unfiltered data allows for users to register on a site with elevated privileges."

The team then released 3.6.4 on 27 October and issued an updated advisory.

In it they said: "As stated in the (previous) advisory, the incorrect use of unfiltered data in Joomla! 3.4.4 through 3.6.3 allowed a malicious user to register on a website with elevated privileges.

"Through this same attack vector, we have additionally confirmed that it was possible under some circumstances to overwrite an existing user’s account data with a spoofed request.

"Although the issue relies on an earlier exploit which has already been resolved in the 3.6.4 release, security advisory 20161003 was published for this issue."

Web security firm Sucuri said that both vulnerabilities were being actively exploited. The first attacks, according to Sucuri, began at 1pm UTC on 26 October (midnight the same day AEDT) less than 24 hours after the Joomla! team acknowledged the first exploit.

"Most of them were looking for the user.register tasks and trying to create users. They were especially targeting some of the most popular Joomla! sites," an entry on the Sucuri blog said, describing these as "initial pokes". They would register in web logs as POST /index.php?option=com_users&task=user.register HTTP/1.1.

About seven hours later, Sucuri wrote, "a couple of IPs from Romania started a mass attack against thousands of different Joomla! sites. In all of them, they tried to create a username called db_cfg with the password fsugmze3. They were going to the same URL with a payload that looks like:

82.77.15.204 - - [26/Oct/2016:18:09:24 -0400]
"POST /index.php/component/users/?task=user.register
user[name] = db_cfg
user[username] = db_cfg
user[password1] = fsugmze3
user[password2] = fsugmze3

Sucuri said Joomla! users could look for the db_cfg username on their sites to see if their sites had been compromised. Else, the presence of the IP addresses 82.76.195.141, 82.77.15.204 and 81.196.107.174 in logs would indicate a hack.

Later, another IP address from Latvia joined in and Sucuri said one identifier was an email address ringcoslio1981@gmail.com. The other was the IP address 185.129.148.216.

But after these attempts, a host of others had joined in, and "some of them are even automating the upload of backdoors and using some unique techniques to bypass the media uploader (using .pht files)", Sucuri wrote. "That led to a massive increase in IP addresses trying to exploit this vulnerability using different patterns and techniques."

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Sam Varghese

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Sam Varghese has been writing for iTWire since 2006, a year after the site came into existence. For nearly a decade thereafter, he wrote mostly about free and open source software, based on his own use of this genre of software. Since May 2016, he has been writing across many areas of technology. He has been a journalist for nearly 40 years in India (Indian Express and Deccan Herald), the UAE (Khaleej Times) and Australia (Daily Commercial News (now defunct) and The Age). His personal blog is titled Irregular Expression.

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