It also announced overall sales of US$78.4 billion, another record for a single quarter. International sales constituted 64% of the sales.
Global iPhone sales brought in US$54.4 billion, a rise of 5% over the corresponding quarter in fiscal 2016.
Mac sales were also up, with US$7.2 billion in sales, a rise of 7% from the first quarter of 2016. However, unit sales were up by just 1%.
The company, which now has a market cap of US$636 billion, also did well with its services like iCloud, ApplePay, Apple Music, the App Store and AppleCare. Sales yielded US$7.2 billion, a rise of 18% year-on-year.
Sales of Apple TV, Apple Watch, Beats products, iPod and Apple-branded and third-party accessories experienced a fall of 8%, with sales bringing in US$4 billion, compared to US$4.3 billion in the year-ago quarter.
In a statement, Apple chief executive Tim Cook said: "We're thrilled to report that our holiday quarter results generated Apple’s highest quarterly revenue ever, and broke multiple records along the way.
"We sold more iPhones than ever before and set all-time revenue records for iPhone, Services, Mac and Apple Watch.
"Revenue from Services grew strongly over last year, led by record customer activity on the App Store, and we are very excited about the products in our pipeline.”
Apple chief financial officer Luca Maestri added: "Our outstanding business performance resulted in a new all-time record for earnings per share, and over US$27 billion in operating cash flow.
"We returned nearly US$15 billion to investors through share repurchases and dividends during the quarter, bringing cumulative payments through our capital return programme to over US$200 billion."