The Wall Street Journal cited a person who was familiar with the company's filings as saying it had told US authorities that the penalty levied on it was disproportionate to the offence, adding that the ban would hit US businesses to the tune of billions.
According to a Reuters report, ZTE paid more than US$2.3 billion to 211 American exporters in 2017.
Citing a senior ZTE official, the news agency reported that ZTE had paid more than US$100 million each to Qualcomm, Broadcom, Texas Instruments, Xilinx, Acacia Communications and Sandisk.
As a penalty, US firms cannot sell parts to ZTE for seven years.
ZTE was fined US$1.19 billion in March 2017 and also agreed to a seven-year suspended export ban which would take effect if it was found to be in violation of the Export Administration Regulations.
Subsequently, the Department of Commerce claims to have found that statements made by ZTE to the Bureau of Industry and Security were false.
Chinese officials raised the ZTE issue with US officials during talks last week to resolve a trade row and are expected to do so again when another round of talks are held next week.