Wednesday, 01 September 2010 12:52

Canon claims CMOS image sensor record

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Canon has developed the world's largest CMOS image sensor - a huge 202 by 205mm chip.


A general rule for electronic components is that smaller is better. Image sensors are one of the exceptions.

One of the complaints about some earlier digital cameras with high megapixel counts was that they didn't produce better photos than those of ostensibly lower specification. The issues include increased 'noise' resulting from cramming more imaging pixels into the same amount of space without otherwise improving the technology used.

Benefits of larger sensors include the collection of more light, reduced noise, and more accurate internal focussing.

And so Canon has developed what it claims to be the world's largest CMOS image sensor. With dimensions of 202 by 205mm, this isn't a component that's going to turn up in a consumer or even prosumer camera any time soon.

Where it is likely to turn up is in video cameras for recording the night sky or nocturnal animal behaviour. This is because it can capture an image in one-hundredth of the amount of light required by a 35mm full-frame CMOS sensor, which means it could be used to capture 60fps video with just 0.3 lux of illumination (approximately half the brightness of a moonlit night)

The size of the sensor presented various technical problems - see page 2.




The company points out that the sensor is approaching the limit of a 300mm silicon wafer, and is 40 times the size of Canon's largest commercial CMOS sensor (the 35mm full-frame sensor used in the EOS-1Ds Mark III and EOS 5D Mark II.

Canon used the "cleanest of cleanroom environments" for the production process to minimise image imperfections and dust, company officials claimed. This would presumably be particularly important in order to achieve an acceptable yield as only one sensor is produced per wafer. Multiple copies of more conventionally sized chips are produced from each wafer, so even if one or two are rejected at the testing stage the entire wafer hasn't been wasted.

Another technical obstacle that had to be overcome was the design of a circuit that would allow sufficiently fast readout. Normally, enlarging a sensor leads to slower I/O performance.

 

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Stephen Withers

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Stephen Withers is one of Australia¹s most experienced IT journalists, having begun his career in the days of 8-bit 'microcomputers'. He covers the gamut from gadgets to enterprise systems. In previous lives he has been an academic, a systems programmer, an IT support manager, and an online services manager. Stephen holds an honours degree in Management Sciences and a PhD in Industrial and Business Studies.

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