The training will cover a variety of technologies including Long Term Evolution (LTE), fibre Gigabit Passive Optical Network (GPON) and next-generation broadband applications.
Classrooms will be equipped with the latest equipment and devices from Huawei, and the company will provide permanent staff to provide teaching assistance.
"The partnership between RMIT University and Huawei will help place Australia at the forefront of next generation technology, applications and innovation," said Huawei's chief technology officer, Peter Rossi.
"This is especially timely given that the ICT industry is in need of a highly-skilled workforce to make full use of the National Broadband Network," he added.
"Huawei is already working with some of Australia's largest telecoms operators in Victoria and this announcement will serve as a foundation to further grow our Victorian presence," he said.
Victorian Minister for Information and Communication Technology John Lenders welcomed the announcement, saying it was "great news for young Victorians looking for a rewarding career in a city with an exciting ICT future."
He said "A major part of the centre's function be will training people across the ICT industry on next-generation technology, with a particular focus on products and hardware for the NBN."
"This is the first of what we expect will be hundreds of training and jobs announcements now that we are the ICT capital of Australia," added Lenders.