Published online on May 21, 2012, its authors are Ashleigh L. May (Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity, CDC), Elena V. Kuklina (Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, CDC), and Paula W. Yoon (Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, CDC).
The goal of the three CDC researchers was to determine if there was an increased risk for cardiovascular disease in overweight and obese adolescents within the United States.
The researchers used the NHANES survey of a representative sample of the U.S. civilian, non-institutionalized population. They used 3,383 participants from the age of 12 to 19 years of age, with data taken from 1999 to 2008.
They found that the presence of:
- prehypertension or hypertension (high blood pressure) occurred in 14% of these adolescents
- borderline-high or high low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, or bad cholesterol, occurred in 22% of them
- low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (less than 35 milligrams per deciliters), or good cholesterol, occurred in 6% of these teens
- pre-diabetes or diabetes occurred in 15% of these adolescents
Page two concludes.