It was published online on May 29, 2011, in the journal Pediatrics, as part of the Committee on Nutrition and the Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness, both within the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Energy drinks and sports drinks are different, and when used properly should be used for different purposes.
Energy drinks include such branded names as Java Monster, Red Bull, and Full Throttle -- they contain a large amount of caffeine. Sports drinks include Gaterade and Powerade -- they usually contain a large amount of sugar.
Time magazine wrote about sports and energy drinks and their increasing use by children and adolescents in its May 30, 2011 article 'Teens Don't Need Sports and Energy Drinks, Pediatricians Say.'
Dr. Marci Schneider, a member of the American Academy of Pediatrics team performing this study, stated in the Time article: "The question was, are there appropriate times when kids should be drinking these, and times when they shouldn't be drinking them?"
Page two answers this question, per the conclusions of this American Academy of Pediatrics report.