The interview continues with the following questions.
William: The topic of neutrino oscillations isn't addressed in your paper. The standard model (SM) can provide no explanation for this phenomenon. In fact, SM doesn't even suggest that neutrinos should have mass. Can the 'extended Standard Model' (xSM) shed light on this mystery?
Stig: 'Thanks for drawing my attention to the phenomenon of neutrino oscillations! Your question makes me realize that xSM indeed predicts the occurrence of neutrino mass mixing, which is generally thought to cause the observed oscillations. The theoretical calculation of the muon-electron mass ratio provides information about the cause of neutrino mass mixing:'
'On the one hand, the mass-ratio calculation implies that the nascent neutrinos emitted by the quarks should acquire 0.128 Higgs masses (see page 39 in 'Paper.pdf'); that is, the neutrinos are born with masses of 65 keV/c2, 13.6 eV/c2, and 0.00154 meV/c2, respectively. (Remember that this original neutrino emission is a unique, 'unphysical' event forced to take place by the law of global conservation of energy.)'
'On the other hand, the result of the mass-ratio calculation shows that the neutrinos received by the leptons have masses of 65 keV/c2, 38.5 eV/c2, and 0.013 meV/c2, respectively.'
'These two results are reconcilable only if the neutrinos that are actually received by the leptons are mixtures of the emitted, 'pure' neutrinos.'
'The neutrinos that today are emitted by leptons should be similar mixtures of pure-mass neutrinos.'
William: How do these results match the actually observed neutrino oscillations?
Stig: 'To answer this question, more detailed knowledge about neutrino mixing is needed. Among questions awaiting answer from electroweak theory are: In what proportions do the components of pure muon and pure tauon neutrinos appear in neutrinos emitted by electrons? What kind of mixing occurs among neutrinos emitted pair-wise by quarks via the intermediate Z boson? Are the mixing ratios fixed or random?'
Page four continues Part 3 of a three-part interview about the xSM theory.
Q&A Interview, Part 3: Predictive Cosmology and Standard Model revisited
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William Atkins completed educational degrees in science (bachelor’s in physics and mathematics) from Illinois State University (Normal, United States) and business (master’s in entrepreneurship and bachelor’s in industrial relations) from Western Illinois University