Based at the University of Sheffield, researchers have developed simple interaction rules for a fleet of 40 miniature robots in order to accomplish tasks such as moving an object.
A video of the Natural Robotics Lab's head, Dr Roderich Gross describing the team's work and demonstrating the robots' abilities is available here.
If for instance the robots are asked to group themselves together, just two rules are needed. If another robot is in front, stay put and turn on the spot. If not, move in a widening circle.
The current robots are simple disks of about 10cm across but the intention is to develop all manner of robots from the very big to the very small. Suggested applications include military work and also search-and-rescue operations where the environment may be too hazardous for humans. Dr Gross also observes that such robot interactions may also be of value in industry to improve manufacturing processes and workplace safety.
This research builds on previous work at the University of Sheffield to understand the simplest set of rules to describe the interactions amongst bees.