It states, 'Robert G. Edwards's breakthrough development of in vitro fertilization, which led to the birth of the first "test-tube baby," Louise Brown, in 1978, gave humanity the power to do what previously was considered the province of God: create and manipulate human life.'
The achievement of Dr. Edward allows couples to have children when they are infertile. Over 10% of couples worldwide are inflicted with infertility in some form.
Due to Dr. Edwards' work over four million babies have been born based on in vitro fertilization (IVF).
The Nobel Prize press release, about Dr. Edwards' award, states, 'A new field of medicine has emerged, with Robert Edwards leading the process all the way from the fundamental discoveries to the current, successful IVF therapy. His contributions represent a milestone in the development of modern medicine."
The press release also states, 'As early as the 1950s, Edwards had the vision that IVF could be useful as a treatment for infertility. He worked systematically to realize his goal, discovered important principles for human fertilization, and succeeded in accomplishing fertilization of human egg cells in test tubes (or more precisely, cell culture dishes)."
And, "His efforts were finally crowned by success on 25 July, 1978, when the world's first "test tube baby" was born. During the following years, Edwards and his co-workers refined IVF technology and shared it with colleagues around the world.'
Page two talks about a controversy surrounding the award.