Both are Russian-born physicists who were at the University of Manchester, in the United Kingdom, at the time of this Nobel Prize announcement for their work with graphene.
Graphene is a substance consisting of carbon atoms that are densely arranged in a flat hexagon homeycomb crystal lattice. (It is sometimes visualized as looking like chicken wire -- a very high-tech chicken wire.)
Graphene is considered the thinnest material, with a thickness of only one atom. Even though it is very thin, graphene is also considered the world's strongest material.
According to the Tuesday, October 5, 2010 New York Times article Two Win Nobel for Work on Ultra-Thin Material, 'A sheet of it stretched over a coffee cup could support the weight of a truck bearing down on a pencil point.'
When making this announcement, the Royal Academy said the discovery by Geim and Novoselov is ''¦ for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene" and 'Carbon, the basis of all known life on earth, has surprised us once again.'
Page two concludes.