Nominators for the awards include most of the senior US government officials involved with cybersecurity as well as leaders from the major cybersecurity Information Sharing and Analysis Centers (ISACs) and other key cybersecurity leaders.
A DSD team analysed all reported targeted cyber intrusions launched against civilian and military government systems to determine what measures would have prevented their spread.
The team identified a total of 35 controls that would prove valuable, but honed in on four, dubbed "the sweet spot," that must be implemented at all governmental organisations to protect them from targeted attacks.
The award honors Steve Mcleod and Chris Brookes, who led the DSD team that developed the list of controls, and Dr. Ian Watt for "advocating that all cabinet agencies in Australia should implement the four controls and making sure they are doing it."
According to a statement from SANS Institute, the DSD innovations change the security game:
"A team at the Australian Defence Signals Directorate (DSD), led by Steve Mcleod and Chris Brookes, took on the task of studying all known targeted intrusions against government systems - both civilian and military - and determining what would have stopped the infections from spreading.
"They found that 35 controls would be valuable, but that four specific controls, alone, are the only ones that must be implemented across all Cabinet-level organizations if they are to have any hope of defending their systems against targeted intrusions The Australian DSD recognized that once those four have been implemented, additional risk reduction may be gained using additional controls, but those four must be done first.
"The National Cybersecurity Innovation Award for effective security management goes to DSD for showing the way and to Dr Ian Watt, in particular, for his extraordinary leadership as Australian Secretary of Defence, in advocating that all Cabinet agencies in Australia should implement the four controls (nicknamed the "sweet spot") and making sure they are doing it. The Australian Defence Signals Directorate supported the program first by identifying the 35 key mitigations for targeted intrusions and defining four of those as the ones that had to be implemented first before even considering the other thirty-one.
"They also developed and posted detailed explanations of the mitigations and provided expert support for the agencies as they systematically implemented all four key mitigations. In the agencies that have completed the task, the spread of targeted attacks is no longer a significant problem. Although these controls will not stop the most sophisticated attackers, they do stop the targeted attackers with medium and low sophistication, the ones that cause the greatest amount of information loss.
"The cost of implementing these four controls is a tiny fraction of the cost of implementing the average U.S. federal government agency cybersecurity program. Since the impact of this low-cost approach is much better security than what U.S. agencies are experiencing, the Australian innovation changes the game."