The latest beta release of Google's Chrome browser provides just that capability. Provided you've signed into Chrome on your devices, the 'Other devices' menu on the New Tab page now gives access to the pages open on all the others.
And once you've opened a tab on a different device, its history is included so the Back and Forward buttons work as you'd expect.
According to Google, this feature will be progressively rolled out to beta channel participants during the coming week. It's also part of the Chrome for Android beta, as well as the desktop versions of the browser.